Document Type


Publication Date



This article explores the relationship between gender, race and property.Women in the United States continue to be economically disadvantaged, and women of color are even more disadvantaged. This article will open with a review of laws, past and present, which have shaped women's rights to own, manage and transfer property. It will then provide a status check of where women, including women of color, stand in the United States relative to the rest of the population vis-a-vis income and other indicators of economic well-being. The article will then discuss why economic inequality persists, trotting out the usual reasons of discrimination and women's individual choice, and a number of less frequently discussed reasons. It will also question the validity of some typical justifications for the economic gap. The article closes by suggesting possibilities for decreasing the economic gap between men and women in the future.