This essay is about the grammatical and, to a lesser extent, moral aspects of the law of complicity, which treats someone who helps someone else commit a crime as though the helper himself committed the crime. The point I hope to make here is similar to the one Professor Phillip Johnson made about what he called "the unnecessary crime of conspiracy."
Helping, Doing, and the Grammar of Complicity, 15 CRIM. JUST. ETHICS 3 (1996).