Using andragogical theory developed by Malcolm Knowles as a foundation as well as a counterpoint, this article presents a new framework for teaching clinic students. Frustrated by tensions they encountered in teaching students whom they expected to have all the qualities of “adult learners,” the authors developed a new theory that blends humanistic as well as developmental theory. The article describes this new theory and evaluates why it works in clinical teaching.
Linda Morton, Janet Weinstein, and Mark Weinstein, Not Quite Grown Up: The Difficulty of Applying an Adult Education Model to Legal Externs, 5 Clinical L. Rev. 469 (1999).